Traumatic brain injury (TBI) often results from a sharp blow to the head or body. While mild injuries, such as a concussion, typically affect brain cells temporarily, more serious TBI cases can cause bruising, bleeding and torn tissues around the brain.

Motor vehicle crashes are the second-leading cause of TBI, involving cars, semi-trucks, motorcycles, bicycles and pedestrians. In many of these cases, symptoms may seem minor, or victims may not experience immediate repercussions. However, wide-ranging physical and psychological effects can result from even a low-impact crash.

What are the symptoms of moderate to severe TBI?

Serious head injuries can include signs associated with mild cases, such as headache, a brief loss of consciousness, nausea, speech problems and trouble sleeping. However, within a few hours or days, symptoms can escalate, including:

  • Losing consciousness for several minutes or hours
  • A persistent headache that keeps getting worse
  • Convulsions or seizures
  • Pupils in one or both eyes dilate
  • Repeated nausea or vomiting
  • Significant confusion
  • Agitated or confrontational behavior
  • Slurred speech

When should you see a doctor?

If you are injured in a motor vehicle crash, you should always seek medical attention. If the injuries are apparent, call 911. If the symptoms appear minor, you are still advised to seek treatment as soon as possible to rule out potential complications that could lead to long-lasting and potentially permanent consequences.

Seeking medical treatment is vital to recovering compensation through a personal injury lawsuit when you are injured due to someone’s negligence. Failing to receive prompt medical attention means you may not be able to recover medical costs, missed wages and pain and suffering. Contacting an experienced personal injury attorney is crucial for helping you receive the best possible outcome.